In response, Graham Forbes, a Greenpeace Global Plastics Project Leader said: "The report clearly shows that voluntary commitments from companies to address plastic pollution have failed. Instead of tackling the plastic pollution crisis, big brands like Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, and Mars actually increased the amount of plastic they create since the EMF Global Commitment was launched in 2018.
"The EMF report pours cold water on the celebrated commitments made by big corporations who signed on to this high-profile project to eliminate plastic pollution. This underlines the need for governments to ensure that the global plastic treaty, which starts negotiations shortly, delivers major reductions in plastic production and use and accelerates a just transition to the reuse economy we need. Anything less than this is a disservice to our communities and our climate."
Also responding to the Global Commitment 2022 Progress Report, environmentalists City to Sea, have said it shows the need for government to play a more interventionist role in light of businesses' failure to voluntarily act.
Commenting, City to Sea's Policy Manager, Steve Hynd, said: "This report shows clearly that voluntary commitments from big business have failed to tackle the plastic crisis. If anything, it shows how plastic production has gone up since it was set up in 2018. Considering this failure, we need government to play a much more interventionist role. England is now the only country in Europe to not have banned some of the most polluting single-use plastic items like plastic cutlery despite launching a consultation one year ago.
"Both government and business are increasingly talking the talk on tackling plastic pollution but failing to walk the walk. Today's report shows how business is even going backwards in some cases. The severity of the plastic crisis cannot tolerate this inaction. If business won't voluntarily walk this path with us, we need a more interventionist approach from government to ensure some action is taken before it's too late."
The Ellen MacArthur Foundation point out that measurable progress is being made against the Global Commitment, but the use of flexible packaging and a lack of investment in collection and recycling infrastructure means the 100% reusable, recyclable, or compostable plastic packaging by 2025 target is becoming unattainable for most signatory businesses.
The 2022 Global Commitment progress report also highlights:
• The use of recycled content in plastic packaging continues to rise strongly, having doubled in the past three years
• Over half of business signatories have cut their use of virgin plastics since 2018, but overall use among the group increased in 2021 back to 2018 levels
• The share of plastic packaging that is reusable decreased slightly to an average of 1.2%
• Four years after launching the New Plastics Economy Global Commitment, the 2022 annual report shows progress varies across the signatory group.
The share of post-consumer recycled content has risen from 4.8% in 2018 to 10.0% in 2021. Whilst it took decades for businesses to hit the 5% mark, signatories to the Global Commitment doubled it to 10% in just three years.
Brands and retailers must continue to exponentially increase their use of recycled content if they are to hit the aggregate target of 26% by 2025. Whilst some businesses appear on course to exceed their goal, others will need to significantly accelerate their use to achieve theirs.
Since 2018, more than half – 59% – of brands and retailers have reduced their use of virgin plastics. However, last year, increases by some of the biggest users of plastic packaging resulted in an overall rise of 2.5%, reversing the falls seen in 2019 and 2020.
The reason some businesses have not hit peak virgin plastic is due to increases in their total plastic packaging use. This reinforces the need for businesses to decouple growth from the use of plastic packaging.
In 2021, the first few global brands announced quantitative targets to increase adoption of reusable packaging. However, 42% of signatories have yet to introduce any reuse
models into their packaging strategies.
Many businesses have been investing in ways to achieve 100% technical recyclability for rigid plastic packaging, but the benefit of this investment is being stifled by inadequate collection and sorting infrastructure around the world.
Flexible plastic packaging, such as sachets and films, pose a significant problem. The difficulty of recycling them - in practice as well as at scale - is a key reason why most businesses will miss their target of using only reusable, recyclable, or compostable plastic packaging by 2025.
Brands and retailers retain the potential to make a significant positive contribution to tackling the plastic pollution crisis. To do so they must adopt ambitious strategies to scale up reuse schemes, innovate away from flexible plastic packaging where possible, and reduce their use of single-use packaging. Recycling alone is not sufficient to stop the flow of plastic pollution.
Around the globe, government support for an international, legally binding instrument to tackle the crisis continues to grow. However, a significant acceleration of policy efforts is needed to help address the problem and transition towards a circular economy for plastics.
Government signatories to the Global Commitment now represent one billion people. More than 500 businesses, governments, NGOs and other organisations have aligned themselves behind a common vision of a circular economy for plastics. The Ellen MacArthur Foundation and UNEP will continue to work with signatories to help tackle the plastic pollution crisis.
Sander Defruyt, the Ellen MacArthur Foundation's Plastics Initiative Lead, said: "The Global Commitment continues to provide unprecedented transparency on how major businesses are addressing the plastic pollution crisis. The latest findings demonstrate the need to urgently ramp up efforts – both from businesses and governments.
"Credible, ambitious plans are needed from businesses to scale reuse, to deal with the issue of flexible packaging and to reduce the need for single-use packaging. Governments must take action to help accelerate progress.
In parallel, we must work towards establishing an ambitious global treaty to end plastic pollution. Organisations such as the recently launched Business Coalition for a Global Plastics Treaty – convened by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and WWF – are here to help governments grasp this once-in-a-generation opportunity."
Inger Andersen, Executive Director, UNEP, said: "The transparency provided by the Global Commitment helps us understand how large the gap is that we still need to fill. It is clear that big challenges remain as companies seek to make good on the Global Commitment. As countries embark on negotiations towards a global instrument to end plastic pollution, the Global Commitment provides an important framework to help accelerate action on combating plastic pollution.
By joining the Global Commitment and engaging early in the process, governments can identify priority areas to end plastic pollution effectively and accelerate progress. In this regard, we are pleased to see that 34 additional national and sub-national governments across different continents committed to join the Global Commitment since the beginning of 2022."